Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company and Price (Newfoundland) Facts and Figures of Central Newfoundland

Grand Falls Mill AND Annual report 1955.JPG
Grand Falls Mill, 1955.

In 1901 there were 147 people living at Millertown, 23 at Badger and 20 at Bishop’s Falls.

Nobody lived at Grand Falls, though there was a railway section based near Red Cliff or Rushy Pond Siding.

But 541 people were living at Botwood. There had been sawmills there for a number of years making lumber from pine and spruce cut in the Exploits Valley.

Ten years later there were 2,345 people living in the area with 1634 at Grand Falls, 232 at Millertown, 136 at Badger and 343 at Bishop’s Falls.

High Street, Grand Falls, Circa 1910

Initial production capacity of the Grand Falls Mill per year: 30,000 short tons

GF mill from old print
Original size of the Grand Falls Mill. 

Production capacity of the Grand Falls mill in 1959: 245,000 short tons

In the winter of 1913, Anglo-Newfoundland had 65 logging camps in operation.

By 1917 that number had risen to 80 and approximately 1500 loggers were working in two divisions. (Link)

The total mileage of the Botwood railway including sidings and yards was 50 miles.

The total railway mileage between Botwood and Windsor was 23 miles.

In total at least 24 locomotives were owned by the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company. Only 2 of which survive in Newfoundland today. ended up in Costa Rica.

In 1923-4 the total cut for the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company was 127,299 cords of pulpwood.

Population of Grand Falls Station (Windsor) in 1935: 1447 population of Windsor in 1956 4520.

In 1946 the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company owned 77 Caterpillar tractors of varying sizes and model. 41 of theses were used in Badger Division.

In 1955 370,037 cords of wood were cut for the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company.

That same year 6,996 people were on the payroll for the AND Woods department at some point during the year.

Which is probably why in 1956 there were 202 people were living at Terra Nova, 363 were living in Millertown and 988 at Badger.

In 1959 the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company still owned 300 horses.

1959 Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company

Employment Facts and Figures

Division Number of Employees
Production and Shipping
Grand Falls Mill 1379
Botwood-Shipping Port 259
Grand Falls Central Railway 65
St. John’s Office 2
Woods Department
Badger 15
Millertown 24
Bishop’s Falls 11
Terra Nova 14


Badger Division 600
Millertown Division 516
Bishop’s Falls Division 426
Terra nova 350
Total 3661

Please note that employment totals for loggers are difficult to pin down because of the seasonal, transient and temporary nature of the work. The cutters payroll for 1959 had over 2400 names on it. Curran reports and employment total of 4,419, for the whole year, though it is not known if this is just for the woods or for the entire company.

Annual Payroll in 1959: $15,000,000.00. Adjusted for inflation, today that would be $134,313,725.49

Total amount spent by A.N.D on wages, purchases and services in Newfoundland from 1905-to the end of 1958 $378,000,000.00, which would be over $3.3 billion today.

By 1967 the amount spent on the same had grown to $588,491,120.  That’s about $4,392,780,709 today.

In 1960 318,074  cords of wood were cut for the Grand Falls mill.

In 1961 the number of people living within the AND Company’s “sphere of influence” (Grand Falls, Windsor, Bishop’s Falls, Botwood, Millertown, Badger, Terra Nova) was over 21,000.

Newsprint production at Grand Falls in 1964 was a little over 262,000 tons. (Source)

By 1966 they Price (NFLD) no longer had any horses.

1966 Price (Nfld)

Employment Facts and Figures

Division Number of Employees
Production and Shipping
Grand Falls Mill 1250
Botwood-Shipping Port 195
Grand Falls Central Railway 52
St. John’s Office 1
Woods Department
Head Office 27
Millertown 14
Bishop’s Falls 19
Millertown Division 500 (average)
Bishop’s Falls Division 500 (Average)
  Note-During Peak Periods Price (Newfoundland employs 1500 loggers.
Total 2558

In 1967 there were 1,290 employees at the Grand Falls Mill, 40 more than the previous year.

paper machines were shutdown after the installation of “Moby Joe” with no effect on production.

Skidder price report 1964.JPG

Number of Skidders in Operation 1964-69

Price Newfoundland Skidders in Operation 1964-69

Sources; News-Log and Curran

Year Number of Skidders in Operation
1964 26
1965 62
1966 N/A
1967 N/A
1968 142
1969 158

In 1967 there were still 19 logging camps in operation.

The total number of school children in just Grand Falls (not including Windsor) in 1967 was 2908. The total number of school aged children in Grand Falls-Windsor in 2016 was 1895.

In 1969 the adjusted average (removing the months of March and April when skeleton staff were in place of less than 40) an average of 781 loggers were employed for 10 months of the year by Price (Newfoundland) with a peak of 1052 working in August. (Curran)

The combined population of Grand Falls and Windsor peaked at 15,078 in 1976.

There were 2 hydroelectric facilities owned by Abitibi: Grand Falls and Bishop’s Falls. In addition, they were partners in the Star Lake development.  In 2003-05 options were being explored for the development of two others on the Exploits at Red Indian Falls and the Badger Chute. Link

When the mill closed in 2009 there were 386 employees at the mill, 70 employed in transportation and approximately 287 loggers and forest workers. For a total of 743 workers.

Various sources Including:

Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company Annual Report

Price Newfoundland-“Moby Joe”


    • They actively started reforesting in the 1980s. Natural regeneration did a pretty good job and they did cut some areas at least twice. Only thing that might have saved the industry might have been the diversification to a non-newsprint pulp product.


  1. Bryan, I was surprised to learn that only 20 people resided at Bishop Falls in 1901. It was a divisional point for the Reid Nfld Railway Company (company incorporated that same year). If you consider some of the 20 were women and children that doesn’t leave many men to staff two section gangs ( one east one west), steam engine servicing a passenger and freight station . Your article changes my perception of the earliest days for the mid point of the railway. Clearly Whitbourne was still very important as a service point for locomotives and cars in 1901.


    • As I recall, it was about that time when some of the railway maintenance and freight infrastructure was built in Bishop’s Falls. So maybe the population grew a bit after the census was enumerated. Also, Some of the crews may not have been counted as residents, since they may have actually lived elsewhere. At the time, Norris Arm was also an important point on the Railway.


  2. Norris Arm was the western terminus of the railway from 1892. It was a very important shipping and forestry center and I can understand if there was some reluctance to move railway terminal operations to Bishop Falls from Norris Arm. The challenges associated with the ice damage to down river railway bridges crossing the Exploits River may have played a role in the decison to keep the terminus in Norris Arm? The final Exploits bridge crossing wasn’t completed until 1901(see your previous publication “Crossing the Exploits: The Hard Way”) . Looking at the history of Bishop Falls, historians seem to quickly transition from the bridge crossing to the Reed Groundwood pulp mill in 1908. My grandfather (Engineer Joe Byrne) would tell a story of visting railway train crews overnighting in abandoned log cabins on the river bank left from the Reed construction (post 1911). Thinking about that now (the railway did not have crew infrastructure in Bishop Falls 18 years or so after the railway first reached Bishop Falls) it contrasts with the importance of that town after the Reed mill was in operation, the A.N.D. railway passed through the town and the Nfld Railway dispatching office was installed there . Thank you so much for your committment to central Newfoundland history.


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